Is your vision blurry?
Do you want to know about the Cataract Procedure?
What are the types of Lens of Cataracts?
What is the Best Cataract Surgery Option?
A Cataract is a clouding that develops in the crystalline lens of the eye or in its envelope. The lens mostly becomes white or blurred with age or due to factors like diabetes, injury and is found among young people as well. The lens once becomes white stops the light from entering and passing further, thus causes blurred vision and gradual loss of vision.
When is it the right time to get cataract surgery done?
If you are facing issues like blurred vision, double images, glares at night time, difficulty in seeing clearly & age above 60 years. It’s always better to get the surgery done once you start facing difficulties and not postpone or wait for it to become critical.
The procedure of Cataract Surgery
Capsular Axis is created. Surgeons actually places laser spots in a circular pattern to create an opening in the capsule.
Phacoemulsification –Cataract is broken into very small parts in preparation for its removal. Then Phaco machine is used to break up the lens using appropriate ultrasonic energy. After lens is broken, it is removed using suction and IOL is implanted in the capsule.
Creation of corneal incision with accuracy and precision and improves the quality of vision outcome.
Before Cataract Surgery
Sugar & BP should be normal, Age or status of Cataract is checked, What number lens should be inserted in the eyes, You need to be medically fit to operate.
Few eye drops are prescribed for 3 days 5-6 times a day before the operation to numb the area around your eye, prevent infection & enlarge the pupil.
The light is blocked from passing through the white lens causing blurred vision
During Cataract Surgery
Total operation is only 20-25 minutes. Post and pre-operation take some time to get the Operation theatre and patient ready for operation.
After Cataract Surgery
Post-surgery, antibiotics & steroids eye drops are prescribed to heal faster and control inflammation of the eyes. Follow the instructions given by the doctor such as eye drops & washing your hands regularly.
You start recovering the same day, get 60-70% improved vision within the same week, and balance 30% in the following few days. Precaution of water contact with your eyes and excessive exercise for a week.
1. Standard regular Surgery: Phaco, where an incision is appr.3.2 mm
2. Micro Incision Cataract Surgery: Phaco, where an incision is just 2mm and the lens used is extremely soft and highly foldable.
In both these cases, the best results can be achieved with the surgeon’s experience. 20+ years of experience in such surgeries have no other alternatives at all.
3. FEMTO Laser Assistant Cataract Surgery with Artificial Intelligence (also known as PLACS or Bladeless Cataract Surgery or Laser Cataract Surgery) – More Computer & Machines techniques are used to give precision. Since this is surgery through Laser, No Incision is required.
4. ZEPTO Cataract Surgery- This is the middle of Micro & FEMTO. Capsular Axis is a critical step in cataract surgery because it can affect how an implanted IOL will be positioned in the capsule. This will ensure optimal vision outcomes. This is mainly beneficial if you have developed very hard cataracts or in very complicated cases, where the lens is moved from its original position.
The design & Power of the lens is in our hands. The lens is selected based on many factors like what kind of lens is suitable for your eyes number, vision at night while driving or any other important task, and also financials. The regular/ normal eye lens in our eyes is like an autofocus lens. It adjusts to all far, Intermediate & Near vision. Lens selection varies from person to person. The lens of all brands is good. As per the doctor’s experience and advice and depending on your eye’s lens requirement, a lens can be suggested.
Following are the types of lenses
Type 1: Mono-Focal- 1 Focus – For near vision, you may still need glasses for reading afterward although distance vision is completely cured and clear. 98% of people are using this because it is reasonable as compared to Multifocal lens and Mono-Focal lens with depth of focus can be the best choice to give good results.
Type 2: Multifocal- These lenses can help with near and far vision, may eliminate the need for eyeglasses but are expensive as compared to Mono-Focal lenses. 2% of people use this lens. You may still face difficulties such as Halos or glares are found around objects or lights at night, which never vanishes but your body may get adapted to such glares.
A. Bi-Focal- Distance vision and near vision is completely cured but intermediate vision is a bit blurred.
B. Tri-Focal – All 3 vision is cured and clear, Distance, Intermediate, and near vision.
After 40-45 years of age, one faces the problem of Press-Biopia, where the ability to autofocus vanishes and near vision starts getting blurred. Once a Cataract is formed, full vision starts getting blurred.
Type 3: TORC Lens (Cylinder)- This is mainly used if you have a cylinder number. Stretching and blurring of the image will persist if used MONO or Multifocal lens. Better to use TORC in such cases. If you have a spherical number, then MONO or Multifocal is better. But with cylindrical, TORC lens is better.
Lens life – Lens becomes a part of our eyes and it doesn’t have to be replaced again.
An insurance policy is available in most cases. You will need to check with the insurance companies about their limits and procedures.
Eye Examination is a must in all cases before suggesting what type of lens and surgery cost is involved.
Take Care of your Eyes. Have clearer vision for a clearer vision in life.
If you have a cataract or suspect cataract, it’s important to seek treatment as early as possible to protect your vision. Do visit us at https://eyedrsandeep.com/ and drop your queries at [email protected] or call us on 9820030567 for an appointment.